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Care este cel mai tare lac din Romania?

Caini de vanatoare - Copoi ardelenesc

1. Descriere generala

 

Origine: Campiile intacarpatice

Culoare: tricolora, cea de baza este negru catifelat

Talie: 56-62 cm (mascul), 52-58 cm (femela)

Greutate: 30-35 kg

Longevitate: 12-15 ani

 

2. Caracteristici corp

 

De dimensiuni mijlocii cu parul scurt, bun pontator si gonac. Capul este caracteristic de copoi, usor alungit, dar nu ascutit. Narile sunt largi, maxilarele puternice, dentitia se închide în foarfeca. Ochii de forma ovala, de marime mijlocie, culoare galben-maro. Urechile atarna pe marginea fetei. Gatul lung, musculos, pe partea inferioara prezinta cute ale pielii. Spinarea dreapta, pieptul puternic dezvoltat, abdomenul usor supt. Coada în repaus este cazuta în jos, varful este recurbat deasupra jaretelor. Membrele anterioare musculoase, drepte, de forma unor coloane, cele posterioare nu sunt atat de musculoase, si paralele. Jaretele sunt pozitionate adanc. Labele de forma globulara, degetele puternice cu gheare negre. Parul se lipeste de corp si este scurt.

3. Comportament, caracteristici

 

Copoiul ardelenesc este un caine perfect pentru vanatoarea la goana. Este un caine puternic, vioi, inteligent si jucaus foarte rezistent la goana prelungita. Relativ usor de dresat si perfect adaptat la conditiile climatice din tara noastra (veri calduroase si ierni aspre). Un excelent gonac si pontator. In momentul urmaririi prazii scoate sunete inalte. Cainele este recunoscut pentru excelentul sau simt al orientarii in padure. Niciodata copoiul nu se va rataci sau va gresi directia de gonire a vinatului indiferent de marimea teritoriului strabatut si de configuratia acestuia. Copoiul ardelenesc se va intoarce la locul de unde a inceput goana chiar si dupa multe ore petrecute in teren. Copoiul ardelenesc este un caine de vanatoare robust, elegant, foarte bun gonitor, cu o conditie fizica de exceptie si cu mare vointa de a munci in teren, cu un miros de exceptie si memorie vizuala foarte buna. Este o fire sociabila, cu un mare instinct de a lucra in haita.
Stapanul unui astfel de caine spune: “acest caine alearga ca un ogar, se bate ca un comondor, jucaus ca un Teckel si la fel de inteligent si elegant ca o vijla”.

4. Istoric

 

Este un caine de vanatoare stravechi. Stramosii lui se presupune a fi descendentii copoilor bastinasi si a celor ajunsi în campiile intracarpatice odata cu descalecarea poporului maghiar. Mai tarziu s-a format copoiul panon ce a ajuns în zona Ardealului si din care a rezultat copoiul ardelenesc. Despre acest caine sunt foarte multe descrieri si detalii de prin 1600. Acum 180 de ani în pictura lui Varadi Gyorgy este reprezentat un splendid exemplar al acestei rase cu un corp puternic, urechile cazute, doua treimi a corpului de culoare lucioasa, acoperit cu par negru-albastrui. Linia fruntii, zona sternala si extremitatile membrelor albe. Deasupra ochilor, comisura buzelor, partea interna a membrelor cu semne roscate. Se stia faptul ca acest copoi s-a folosit la vanatoare înainte si dupa cele doua razboaie mondiale. Dupa 1947, datorita unor legi aparute, au fost decimate aproape toate exemplarele. Au reusit sa supravietuiasca doar cateva din care dupa o munca de aproximativ douazeci de ani s-a reusit formarea unei noi rase curate ce a fost cumparata de gradina zoologica din Budapesta.

5. Utilitate

 

Un excelent caine de vanatoare, gonind si vanat de dimensiuni mai mari, mai ales mistret. Este capabil sa vaneze singur, la mare distanta de stapan. Depune munca de limier si urmareste vanatul ore in sir. De asemenea se adapteaza si la vanatoarea in haita. In timpul vanatorii este curajos, mentine foarte bine urma dupa miros si nu se rataceste niciodata. Se ataseaza puternic de stapan, este nepretentios, si se adapteaza usor la orice conditii. Un bun caine de paza si aparare. Se poate mentine in curte si apartament, deoarece are un sistem nervos echilibrat, iar parul scurt nu necesita ingrijire deosebita.
 
Cum apreciati taxa de vanatoare in comparatie cu vanatul din padurile noastre?
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